Well, 'tis the season to be practicing my Christmas delicacies.
So this year I'm wheeling in Flora to be my willing victim,
you will recall that my traditional family Christmas responsibilities
(other than the usual admonishments to put on some bloody underpants
) are starters, stuffing, and gravy.
Despite the discomfiting and inconvenient absence of Mum this year, my brother and I plan on bravely continuing our family customs,
with Kurt taking on the goose, vegetables and steaming up one of Mum's puddings,
whilst his ex-wife partner shoulders the baking duties.
I rarely bother practicing the stuffing (too much to eat), and I have long since perfected the
art of gravy
but I like to have a stab at the starter before the big day.
On the practice menu this year:
I have to say, the starter was well worth practicing too -
there was a marked
improvement in both the fish and crispbreads between the rehearsal and Christmas dinner.
I should probably have taken on the pudding, then Flora could have had dessert too - I was just lazy. Sorry Kurt!
Gravlax or Gravad Lax
A scandinavian salt-cured dill-flavoured salmon
fish starter snack
Based on an amalgamation of sources including
Tim Hayward's recipe from the Guardian
Incidentally, the quantities in that recipe would make enough for about 4lb of salmon if you were interested!
Apart from the fresh dill, the choice of flavourings and spices seems quite individual,
you could include coriander, caraway, cumin or fennel seeds; some add citrus peel or juice; many suggest a couple of tablespoons of aquavit.
who makes his own gravlax, tells me that when he unwraps his cured fillets
their salt cure mixture has completely disappeared leaving only a shiny texture to the surface of this fish.
Well, I didn't have the same experience myself -
there was quite a lot of the salt mixture still coating the fish which needed to be scraped away (it doesn't taste too good).
The difference might be that my fishmonger cures whole sides of salmon leaving them for 4 days
(rather than the poxy half-pound fillets that I was buying).
But then he also adds lime juice and clementine peel to his cure mixture,
mixes his chopped dill (as well as some dried dill) in with the salt rather than applying a layer directly to the fish,
and regularly drains off the extracted liquid from his curing fish.
Take your pick.
I decided to go with the coriander seeds with a touch of fennel and caraway mixed in, and the aquavit...
- about 1 lb Salmon in two fillets
- 4 teaspoons/30g chunky sea salt
- 7 teaspoons/40g caster sugar
- 1 teaspoon brown sugar
- 60g dill, minced really finely with a few sprigs reserved
- 4 teaspoons/7.5g coriander seeds
- 4 teaspoons/12.5g black peppercorns
- 1 teaspoon each of fennel & caraway seeds
- 1 tablespoon aquavit or lime juice
- 3 tablespoons (wine or cider) vinegar
- 3 tablespoons muscovado sugar
- 2 tablespoons honey
- 4 tablespoons Dijon mustard
- a big bunch of dill
- 2 fl oz vegetable oil
Get your fishmonger to cut two matching fillet pieces, one from from either side of the same fish.
It's better if they can be cut square for reasons of neatness and economy.
De-scale the fillets and carefully remove any bones.
Grind the whole spices in a coffee or spice grinder, then the salt and sugars in a pestle and mortar.
Stir altogether with any liquid you're using (in which case you should end up with a mixture resembling wet sand)
and a handful or two of the minced dill.
Lay the two salmon fillets skin down on a sheet of clingfilm.
Chop the dill very
finely and spread a thick layer on the flesh side of each fillet.
Add a thick layer of the dry cure, pressing it on vigorously then lay over 10 whole sprigs of dill
to create a retaining layer on the side you're going to flip over.
Turn over one fillet and fit it on top of the other, cut side to cut side,
rotating it so the thick edge of one fillet fits on top of the thin edge of the other
then wrap the whole sandwich tightly in several layer of clingfilm.
Store in a bowl, in the fridge, for 48 hours. Turn and drain off any exuded liquid every 12 hours.
At some point you can make up a sauce to serve with the salmon (a good idea - the salmon is quite intense on its own).
You can either blend up the (traditional) mustard sauce ingredients above,
make a dill/mustard mayonnaise by blending the same ingredients into a couple of egg yolks,
or make some horseradish sauce
(as I did).
Unwrap the cured fish fillets, scrape them clean of the cure and chopped dill
and pat them dry.
Now lay it skin side down and take thin diagonal slices which include a lovely green layer of the cure along one edge.
Serve on crispbread with your choice of sauce, capers or dill cucumbers, and a scattering of fresh dill.
I had in mind makind something very much like Ryvitas - crisp, but thick and airy .
In fact what this recipe turns out is more like hardtack or a brittle cracker.
They do have the pleasant sourness of the rye, but I'm not sure how to go from here to a puffed up knäckebröd.
Maybe I need to encourage the yeast to do it's rising thing more vigorously during the baking?
Some recipes seem to add a proportion of wheat flour too. Perhaps that helps?
Makes about a dozen small crispbreads roughly the size of a coaster
- 250g/8 oz rye flour
- 1 tsp fine sea salt
- 1 tsp honey
- 6g fresh yeast
- 200ml water
- 1 tsp caraway seeds
- 1 tsp fennel seeds
Sift the flour into a bowl, adding back the bran caught in the sieve.
Lightly grind the seeds (if using) with the salt in a pestle and mortar and mix into the flour.
Warm the water to 25°C, dissolve in the honey and then whisk in the yeast so it looks milky.
Gradually stir in the liquid until you reach a stiff, wet paste. Cover with clingfilm and leave in a warm place for an hour or so.
Though it won't rise like normal bread it should become spongy and a little drier.
Preheat the oven to 220°C/Gas Mark 7.
Heavily flour your work surface and rolling pin.
Roll out balls of dough about the size of tennis balls as thinly as you can manage,
then use a pastry cutter to cut out three or four discs. Lift them onto a parchment-lined baking tray, using a palette knife if necessary, and repeat.
(You will probably need to bake in batches.)
Prick holes all over each crispbread using a fork or a chopstick.
Brush the surface with water (this helps the toppings stick), and lightly sprinkle with caraway and fennel seeds and sea salt
Bake for 12-15 minutes, until the crispbreads have darkened almost all way across (a lighter centre is alright),
but before they turn oak-coloured and grey or black,
just start to colour. Keep an eye on the oven, as they can burn easily. Repeat for the next batch.
If the crispbreads are not crisp enough, at the end return them to a very low temperature oven to dry out and cool on a wire rack.
veg snack starter
stealing discovering Tony Singh's farty salt
I've been planning on trying it out with some corn fritters.
I thought it might work in
the mixture - but I forgot to add it so I just provided it on the side.
Apparently you can also deep-fry these critters, which seems like a nice alternative - they look a rich golden colour in all the pictures!
Opinions vary according to how to make the batter - some don't have eggs at all, some have very little milk.
Although I didn't do it this time, I think puréeing up some of the sweetcorns to add to the mixture
would be a good route to adding more sweetcorn flavour.
- 100g plain flour
- 2 tsps baking powder
- 1 egg
- ¼ cup milk
- 3 spring onions, trimmed and sliced diagonally
- 1 chilli (red or green) seeds removed and chopped finely
- a small handful of coriander, chopped roughly
- 2 corn cobs kernels separated, or 300g tin of sweetcorn, drained
- 2 chicken breasts, cooked, shredded
- sea salt & freshly ground black pepper
- a few tablespoons butter for frying
- lime wedges
- Indian black salt
Into a bowl, place the flour, egg and milk. Using a balloon whisk, mix them well until combined into a sticky, thick batter.
Add the spring onions, chilli, coriander and sweetcorn, plus a little seasoning.
Stir until all the vegetables and herbs are covered with a light coating of the batter.
Pour the rapeseed oil into a frying pan on a medium heat.
Once the oil is heated through, add tablespoonfuls of the fritter mixture -
four usually makes a good number without cooling the frying pan and stopping the cooking process.
Once the underside of the mixture has set slightly, spread the blob out a little and continue to cook until golden brown.
Turn the fritter and press down with the back of the spatula, just for a moment or two.
Continue to fry until this second side is also golden brown.
Place the fritters onto kitchen paper and keep in a warm place until they are all cooked,
then serve with some sweet chilli dipping sauce - or whichever type of sauce you fancy!
Sweet Potato and Pumpkin Mash
veg vegan staple
Quite a nice flavour combo. If you're looking to use up some old pumpkin you have hanging about.
You could sprinkle it with nuts or chestnuts for that special touch of class :)
Cut the pumpkin in half, de-seed and bake with the sweet potato at Gas Mark 6 for half an hour or so until they're soft.
Mash them up together.
Season, grate in some nutmeg if you like and a dash of cream or a blob of butter.
Chestnut Sprouts with Candied Bacon
a.k.a. The Best Damn Brussels Sprouts in the World!
This recipe is the pinnacle of a long sprout-based journey chronicled here
I'm not entirely convinced that candied bacon is better than the regular kind though it makes for a more impressive finish,
and I do
like the touch of lemon, but it's your call.
One thing's for sure - the secret of its success is my patented bicarbonate of soda chestnut-softening technique.
Hurrah for me!
Flora said these were the best sprouts she'd ever tasted and Flora doesn't even like
- a dozen chestnuts
- a dozen sprouts
- 2-3 slices of smoked streaky bacon, not too thin
- about 30g soft muscovado sugar
- 1-2 cloves garlic
- 1 tablespoon or so bicarbonate of soda
- ½ cup wine or stock, or a combination
- grated rind and juice of ½ lemon
Pre-heat the oven to 200°C/Gas Mark 6.
Spread soft brown sugar in a shallow bowl and generously coat both sides of 2 or 3 slices of smoked streaky bacon
Cover a baking sheet with parchment and lay on the bacon. Sprinkle with a little extra sugar.
Bake for about 10 minutes until the surface of the bacon bubbles and darkens (don't worry if the excess sugar starts to burn).
Lift out to cool and harden on a wire rack.
Snip them up with kitchen scissors and set aside.
Select about as many chestnuts as you have brussels sprouts, cut little crosses in them and simmer for a few minutes
until the skins soften enough to peel easily.
The inner membrane should also come away cleanly. Throw away any hard or black ones, or those which put up too much of a fight.
Bring a fresh pot of water to the boil, add the peeled chestnuts and a tablespoon
or so of bicarbonate of soda. Simmer for 15 minutes, or until the chestnuts are meltingly soft but not disintegrating.
Rinse thoroughly, then cut into quarters or slivers.
Peel and trim the sprouts and cut into halves, or quarters.
Gently sweat in a little butter until they are glistening.
Add the chestnuts, throw in a glass of white wine or stock, or both, to almost cover the sprouts.
Partially cover and simmer for 15-20 minutes until the sprouts are done to your satisfaction and the liquid absorbed.
Toss thoroughly with the grated lemon peel, lemon juice and the candied bacon bits.
Leave to stand for a minute or two before serving to let the flavours meld and the bacon soften ever-so slightly.
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